India, ADB Sign $251 Million Loan for Integrated Urban Flood Management in Chennai
File photo of Indian women wading along a flooded street during heavy monsoon rains in Chennai on Jan. 5, 2021. (Arun Sankar/AFP via Getty Images)
NEW DELHI – The Government of India and the Asian Development Bank Oct. 28 signed a $251 million loan for climate-resilient, integrated urban flood protection and management in the Chennai-Kosasthalaiyar basin to strengthen the resilience of Chennai city to floods.
The Ministry of Finance, in its press release, informed that Rajat Kumar Mishra, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs in the Ministry of Finance, signed for the Government of India the agreement for the Integrated Urban Flood Management for the Chennai-Kosasthalaiyar River Basin Project, while Takeo Konishi, country director of ADB’s India Resident Mission, signed for ADB. After signing the loan agreement, Mishra said, “The project interventions will help reduce the vulnerability of Chennai-Kosasthalaiyar basin residents to frequent floods, which have in recent years destroyed property and livelihoods.”
He said that building disaster-resilient infrastructure would help communities cope with intensifying rainfall, a higher sea-level rise, and a storm surge caused by cyclones and protect lives, the economy, and the environment.
“The project will build flood protection infrastructure as well as strengthen the capacity of the Greater Chennai Corporation and communities for better preparedness planning to transform Chennai into a more livable city,” said Konishi.
“The innovative designs and interventions for climate-resilient flood management promoted by the project along with integrated urban planning and enhanced municipal resource mobilization can be widely replicated for other Indian cities that are vulnerable to climate and disaster risks,” he added.
The release further added that Chennai’s rapid urbanization has encroached on the city’s natural landscape, reducing water retention capacity which makes the city vulnerable to widespread flooding.
“The project will establish climate-resilient urban flood protection infrastructure. It will construct 588 kilometers of new stormwater drains, rehabilitate or replace 175 km of stormwater drains, improve 11 km stretches in the Ambattur, Ariyallur, Kadappakkam, and Korattur channels to enhance water-carrying capacity, and upgrade a stormwater pumping station and construct a new one. It will also construct 23,000 catchpits in roadside drains to recharge the groundwater aquifer and rehabilitate four disaster relief camps,” the release read.
The ministry informed that flood preparedness will be strengthened by developing guidelines to integrate flood hazard zoning into spatial and land use planning, implementing a flood citizen observatory for real-time information in flood areas and creating a manual for green infrastructure design, including rainwater harvesting.
The ministry also said that the project also aims to enhance stakeholders’ involvement, including proactive participation of women, in flood preparedness by raising community knowledge and awareness of flood risks and impacts and its relationship with solid waste management, sewerage, and protection of water bodies.
As per the release, the technical staff of the Greater Chennai Corporation will also be trained on the planning and design of stormwater drainage systems and the management of solid waste and flood risks. The project will develop a plan to ensure sustainable operation and maintenance of stormwater drainage systems.
The project will also support the GCC to develop a roadmap to strengthen municipal resource mobilization for delivering sustainable and quality municipal services to the citizens, it added.