India Major Beneficiary As Supply Chains Leave China: Morgan Stanley
NEW DELHI, (IANS) – More global companies are taking supply chain diversification seriously. Companies are increasingly highlighting the benefits of ‘friend-shoring’ their supply chains to better insulate themselves from geopolitical challenges.
“We see India, Mexico, and Southeast Asia as best positioned for this transition. India and Mexico are two economies that stand to benefit from increased local supply chains,” Morgan Stanley said in a report.
Morgan Stanley economists have written extensively on the economic and industrial benefits that are beginning to accrue in economies where supply chains are migrating.
“In India, we see a tripling of the manufacturing base by 2031 with its share of GDP rising from about 16 percent to 21 percent over the same time horizon. In Mexico, we estimate a potential net gain of approximately 30 percent in exports to the US over a period of five years; this trend appears to be well underway as Mexico-US trade is now level with China-US trade. The associated rise in investment and manufacturing could help raise Mexico’s potential GDP from 1.9 percent to 2.4 percent, over the next five years, according to our models,” the report said.
Supply chain de-risking will be a necessary but difficult and expensive process, taking a decade or longer, and featuring more protectionist policies. Most expected companies to keep a large installed base and presence in China.
At a country level, key net beneficiaries would be India and Mexico, the report said.
While corporates have largely avoided making any specific geopolitical distinctions, some of the giant companies have been strategically rewiring their supply chain investments. Apple’s partner Foxconn has announced plans to invest $700 million in a new plant in India to diversify away some of the risks arising from US-China tensions. After completion, the production site is expected to bring in 100k new jobs compared with the current 200k in the Zhengzhou Plant, Morgan Stanley said.
More companies are adopting a ‘China+1’ or even ‘China+N’ strategy to expand their production footprints to Southeast Asia, Mexico, and India, and to re-shore where production is particularly capital-intensive or can be automated, the report said.
Much of the structural shift in the level of global trade in the 1990s and 2000s is explicitly linked to the construction of modern China, an event in a long history that we would consider a one-off and exceptional rather than a normal trend.
“China entering the global economy is a historic event that cannot be replicated because neither India, Indonesia, the Philippines, nor any other emerging market economy has the same gap to close from a value or volume standpoint that China made up between 1990 and 2010,” the report said.
The de-risking process from China will progress slowly, and most tech hardware production that leaves China will flow to Southeast Asia and India, not North America.