HomeIndiaPopulation: India No.1 In The World, Surpassing China

Population: India No.1 In The World, Surpassing China


Population: India No.1 In The World, Surpassing China

NEW DELHI – Its official now. India has surpassed China to become the world’s most populous nation with 142.86 crore people, shows the latest UN data. Interestingly, most officials in India that the press is so quick to quote have not talked about it.
China now has a population of 142.57 crore, thus being the second most populous country, the UN world population dashboard showed.
Nearly 50 per cent of India’s population is below the age of 25 years, according to UNFPA India representative Andrea Wojnar.
About 25 per cent of India’s population is aged 0-14 years, 18 per cent are in the 10 to 19 age group, 26 per cent in the age bracket of 10 to 24 years, 68 per cent in 15 to 64 years age group, and 7 per cent above 65 years.
The population demographics of India vary from state to state. Kerala and Punjab have an ageing population while Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have a young population, UN analysis has revealed.
The report further states that by 2050, India’s population is expected to rise to 166.8 crore while China’s population would dip to 131.7 crore.
The report also stated that the global population is growing at its slowest rate since 1950, having fallen under one per cent in 2020. The report said the global population was projected to reach eight billion on November 15.
According to the United Nations Population Fund, the life expectancy at birth for male in India is 71 while for female it is 74 years. The contraceptive prevalence rate of women aged 15-49 by any method as of 2023 is 51 per cent.
UN projections estimate that the country’s population is expected to grow for the next three decades after which it will begin declining.
Replacement level fertility is the level of fertility at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next.
According to the UNFPA, the size of elderly population will nearly double to touch 192 million by 2030, largely in southern and western states.
“By 2050, every fifth Indian will be an elderly person, hence planning for this
segment also deserves equal attention. The health and economic security of the elderly will need to gain primacy,” the UNFPA said.
Wojnar said, “As the country with the largest youth cohort — its 254 million youth (15-24 years) — can be a source of innovation, new thinking and lasting solutions. The trajectory can leapfrog . forward if women and girls, in particular, are equipped with equal educational and skill building opportunities, access to technology and digital innovations, and most importantly with information and power to fully exercise their reproductive rights and choices,” she said.

Wojnar said that ensuring gender equality, empowerment and advancing greater bodily autonomy for women and girls are the key determinants for a sustainable future. Individual rights and choices should be respected, and all should be able to decide when to have children, if any, and how many, she said.

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  • In India today in terms education, employment, digital access and various other parameters girls and women do not have equal access to life empowering tools Ms Mutreja. Most Indians remain poor, the top 10% make only $300 a month. Unequal development, the north is 10 to 15 years behind Gayatri Rajmurali. Also there is a combustible atmosphere created by Hindu first nationalism that relegate marginalized people to second class citizens.Demographic numbers are part of the political game.
    However ,there are gains, rapid investment in infrastructure , technological savvy middle class, efforts to promote smaller families, fertility rate to maintain current population size.
    Modi has met Xi Jinping 18 times as the two nations share historical perspectives of 18th century when they were the richest empires.In a 1990 the two countries were on the same footing till China took off with land reform and focus no export led growth and sheer efficiency.
    A Make in India campaign by Modi in 2014 has been stuttering even though wage costs are lower, as much of the work force is poorly educated , impediments to business and lingering protectionism.
    Companies like Tata Consultancy are world leaders even Goldman Sachs has much of their staff working in India.In Andhra Pradesh 35% of University Graduates are estimated to be unemployed , unable to find work commensurate to their education.650,000 applicants applied for 700 jobs in Civil service this year.
    What draws Modi to China is its authoritarian power. He has boxed in his opponents , has a grip over democratic pillars, cowed the press, and overwhelmed independent elements of civil society. On Ram Navmi
    Hindus and Muslim groups clashed shutting down the internet . In Bihar 1/3 of those detained for violence were teenagers.
    Indian Democracy has eroded , western powers have remained silent courting India for trade deals and as a security ally.
    Finally China took advantage of a geopolitical moment to transform itself by having access to technology to capital markets led by the USA
    Could this be India’s moment. Reference NY Times April 20th

    April 20, 2023
    • Cannot blame the rich for the problem of the poor. Especially for India’s Muslims amongst whom the poor whose vote was counted for a nation of Islam and who, 200 million remained behind and now ask for preferential treatment that many like me would say “YOU GOT IT, YOU DONATED IT”. Go ask for it back. Instead we see calls for new Islamic Nations and Khalistani Nations without these clowns forgetting that Islam is an immigrant religion and before them both, Bharat existed for thousands of years. they only came here in the past few centuries.

      There are calls for unification of Hindustan. And even more aggressive cleansing of those that have a problem. Going by the arguments that Muslims and Khalistanis make, that demand is logical. And that only gets scarier.

      April 20, 2023
  • The advantage that 50% of India below 25 years of age will also be a problem in 30 to 40 years.
    1) They will age and will need the social security; the new charity that the government is starting to pay.
    2) The population will need housing and medical care and will have to build. Good in the beginning and bad as soon as it crosses the mark that it cannot sustain and runs out of agricultural land to spare.
    3) Populations demographics. Due to the 1947 partition. Poor Muslims remained in India. they are producing at 2 times the rate of Hindus or more. They look to the Muslim Nations for leadership. Nations that have never cared for them or India. Will cause trouble.

    April 20, 2023
  • Only education can resolve this issue.

    April 25, 2023

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